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Tomatoes are packed with vitamins A and C, calcium, potassium.

Fun Facts

Plants and Food Cultivation

There are around 2000 different plant types that humans use to cultivate food.

Vegetarians

Although humans are omnivores (eating both plants and animals), many people choose not to eat meat and fish, they are known as vegetarians.

Vegans

Those who don’t eat or use any products made from animals (including eggs, dairy products and honey) are known as vegans.

Food Poisoning

Around 70 million people suffer from food poisoning every year with around 7 million of these cases being fatal. Careful food storage, temperature control and preparation is necessary to avoid potentially dangerous bacteria, toxins and viruses.

Granny Smith Appels

Granny Smith apples originated in Australia in 1868 accidentally after a chance seedling by a woman named Maria Ann Smith.

An Apple a Day...

It is believed that the saying "An apple a day keeps the doctor away" originated in Wales in the 19th century. Sadly eating apples doesn't guarantee good health but they do have nutritional value and potential health benefits.

Potassium Rich Food

Bananas contain a lot of potassium, making them more radioactive than other fruits. You don't need to worry though as this naturally occurring radiation has very little effect on the body. Other foods rich in potassium include potatoes, beans, seeds and nuts.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the body's main source of energy (calories) and are a key fuel source for exercise and sport.

Carbohydrate Rich Food

Some foods have more carbohydrates in them than others, pasta, bread, rice, milk, potatoes, baked goods, fruits, vegetables, cereals, and popcorn are all high in carbohydrates.

Processed Carbohydrates

Processed, man-made carbs offer little in terms of nutrition and are broken down, digested and used very fast by our bodies. Eating these carbs will give a temporary burst of energy, but soon after we feel tired or hungry again.

Complex Carbohydrates

More natural complex carbs are loaded with nutrients like fiber, vitamins and minerals. These carbs do not cause the same spike in blood sugar levels, our body breaks them down and digests them much slower, so we feel full for longer.

Low Carb Lifestyle?

It is possible for humans to live healthy lives while eating very low levels of carbohydrates, because our bodies can convert proteins into carbohydrates.

Carrots help you to see better

The urban legend that 'eating large quantities of carrots helps us to see in the dark' was developed from stories started in World War II. British gunners were shooting down German planes at night and to cover up the fact that it was the effective use of radar technologies that was achieving this, the RAF circulated a story about their pilots' high level of carrot consumption.

Coconut Water

Coconut water can be a substitute for blood plasma. Coconut water was known to be used during World War II in tropical areas for emergency transfusions.

Coconut Milk

Coconut milk is not the same as coconut water. Coconut milk has a high fat content of around 17%, but is low in sugars. It is frequently added to curries and other savoury dishes.

Coconut Meat

The white, fleshy part of the coconut seed is called coconut meat. It has high amounts of Manganese, Potassium, and Copper. The meat is used fresh or dried in cooking, especially in confections and desserts such as macaroons.

Versatility of Corn

Corn and its by products are also found in many non-food items such as fireworks, rust preventatives, glue, paint, dyes, laundry detergent, soap, aspirin, antibiotics, paint, shoe polish, ink, cosmetics, the manufacturing of photographic film, and in the production of plastics.

Corn in Food?

As well as being eaten by the cob, corn is also processed and used as a major component in many food items like cereals, peanut butter, potato chips, soups, marshmallows, ice cream, baby food, cooking oil, margarine, mayonnaise, salad dressing, and chewing gum.

Fast Food

Fast food (or junk food) is the name given to food that can be prepared and served quickly, often served at basic restaurants or in packaged form for convenient takeaway/takeout. It is typically inexpensive to buy but unhealthy to eat.

Fast Food Fat Levels

Due to increased awareness of public health and obesity levels, efforts have been made to improve fast food menus by lowering fat levels or at least offering healthier alternatives. While these health concerns are generating more attention, fast food is still linked to worldwide weight gain problems, increased diabetes risks and healthcare costs.

What is Fat?

Fat is a compound found in food. It is one of three types of energy that the human body uses, the others are carbohydrates and proteins.

Weight Gain and Fat

There are 9 calories in one gram of fat. Carbohydrates and proteins each have just 4 calories per one gram. Too much of any of these energy sources can lead to weight gain, but since fat provides more than double the calories per gram than the others, weight gain is often from fat.

Saturated Fats

Saturated fats are generally solid at room temperature and are natural fats from animal or plant sources. Saturated fat is an unhealthy fat that raises blood cholesterol and increases the risk of heart disease.

Unsaturated Fats

Unsaturated fats are usually liquid at room temperature and are found in vegetable oils. There are two main types of unsaturated fats, polyunsaturated (liquid in fridge too) and monounsaturated fats (solidify in fridge). Unsaturated fats, in moderation, are actually necessary for good health. They help lower blood cholesterol levels and can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Lemons

Because lemons are high in vitamin C they can prevent the disease scurvy which was common among sailors stuck on ships for months. Even today, the British Navy requires ships to carry enough lemons so that every sailor can have one ounce of juice a day.

Mangos

Mangos contain many nutrients. The vitamin content depends on the variety and maturity of the fruit. When a mango is green and still growing there is a high  vitamin C content, as the fruit ripens and matures the amount of beta carotene (vitamin A) increases.

Mushrooms

The mushroom is a very nutritious food. Differing species can be a good source of vitamin B along with essential minerals such as copper and potassium. While fat, carbohydrates and salt content is very low.

Mushroom Medicine?

Modern studies suggest mushrooms can be useful for antibacterial, anti-inflammatories and antioxidants. While also helping to reduce blood pressure, moderate blood sugar, reduce cholesterol, enhance the immune system, reduce stress and help in fighting many types of cancer.

Poisonous Mushrooms

There are a few mushroom varieties found in the wild that are highly poisonous. A number of these look like common edible species, therefore it can be risky collecting wild mushrooms without good knowledge for identifying mushrooms.

Mushroom Hunters

Mycophagist is the term used for people who collect mushrooms to eat from the wild. The act of collecting these mushrooms is known as 'mushroom hunting', or 'mushrooming'.

Natural Slug Repellent

Orange peel can be used by gardeners to sprinkle over vegetables as a slug repellent.

How Fast do Pineappels Grow?

An individual pineapple can take over two years to grow, although they are usually picked slightly earlier than this.

Pineappels

Raw pineapple can be a great source of manganese and vitamin C. Also bromelain is an enzyme that breaks down protein and is present in raw pineapple making the fruit useful as a digestive aid and an effective anti-inflammatory.

Potatoes

Potatoes are vegetables but they contain a lot of starch (carbohydrates) that make them more like rice, pasta and bread in terms of nutrition.

Potato Chips

Despite health concerns, potato chips are one of the most common snack foods in the world with billions of packets being consumed every year.

Sweet Potatoes

Although it shares the same name, the sweet potato is a root vegetable and only loosely related to the potato.

Proteins

Like carbohydrates and fats, proteins are considered a major nutrient for the body due to the energy (calories) they provide.

Protein in your Body

Protein is essential for life, it is crucial to all cells in the body playing a key role as enzymes in a cell. After water, protein is the most plentiful substance in the body.

Complete Protein

Complete protein that has all amino acids including essential ones are meat, poultry, fish, dairy products, eggs, and soy. Incomplete protein sources include nuts, grains, fruits, and vegetables. It is important for vegetarians to pair meals wisely in order to get all essential amino acids in their daily diet.

Protein Allergies

Proteins in some food can cause allergies as the structure of a protein can cause a reaction in the immune system. A lot of people are allergic to gluten for example, which is a protein in wheat and grains.

Proteins in Eggs

The protein contained in eggs is considered to be the highest quality protein out of all foods.

Protein and Weight Gain

Like the other energy sources, carbohydrates and fat, too much protein can also lead to weight gain

Protein OD

Taking on too much protein can be dangerous to the body, it is a strain on the liver and kidneys causing  them to work extra hard to get rid of the extra protein.

Pumpkins

Scientifically speaking, pumpkins are a fruit (they contain seeds) but when it comes to cooking, they are often referred to as vegetables.

Strawberries

Strawberries have lots of vitamin C.Unlike some other fruits, Strawberries don’t continue to ripen after being picked.

Tomatoes

Because the tomato has seeds and grows from a flowering plant botanically it is classed as a fruit not a vegetable. There are more than 7500 tomato varieties grown around the world.

Tomatoes and Cancer

Tomatoes are rich in lycopene, an antioxidant that is good for the heart and effective against certain cancers.

Cooked Tomatoes

Cooked tomatoes are actually better for you than raw ones, as more beneficial chemicals are released.

Tomato Nutrition

Tomatoes are packed with vitamins A and C, calcium, potassium.

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